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Causes and Symptoms of Bunions

Monday, 03 June 2019 00:00

A large bump at the base of the big toe may be referred to as a bunion. It may cause the big toe to turn toward the second toe. The symptoms that are most often associated with bunions include pain, tenderness, or swelling surrounding the affected area. Bunions can develop for a variety of reasons. These include shoes that do not have adequate room for the toes to move freely in, genetic factors, or an injury that has occurred. If you are afflicted with this ailment, mild relief may be found by wearing shoes that fit properly or putting a protective covering over the bunion. If you have a bunion that is affecting your daily activities, it is advised to counsel with a podiatrist who can offer a treatment solution.

If you are suffering from bunions, contact one of our podiatrists of InStride Foot & Ankle Specialists. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why Do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How Are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How Are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Mt Airy, Clemmons, Winston-Salem, and King, NC. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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