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Tuesday, 17 May 2022 00:00

Flexing the foot is not something most people spend a lot of time thinking about until they can’t flex their foot. The process of raising the foot in the direction of the shin, known as dorsiflexion, comes naturally as you learn to walk. It happens as you push off the ground whenever you take a step. Dorsiflexion is the result of using the muscles and tendons in the front of the leg and depends on the deep peroneal nerve. If this nerve is damaged, you may be unable to flex your foot. Other possible causes of poor dorsiflexion include a tightened ankle joint, tight calf muscles, or an ankle injury that has not properly healed. Further, injuries to other parts of the body such as the knee, hip, or back, can affect dorsiflexion. Conversely, any problem with dorsiflexion can cause problems moving upward through the body, all the way to the shoulders. Exercises to stretch the calf muscles and strengthen the ankle joint are ways to improve dorsiflexion. If you are unable to flex your foot fully, or at all, please see a podiatrist for an examination, diagnosis, and treatment options.              

If you have any concerns about your feet, contact one of our podiatrists from InStride Foot & Ankle Specialists. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Biomechanics in Podiatry

Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body, causing an interference with the biological structures. It focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.

A History of Biomechanics

  • Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
  • In 1974, biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination in the area.

Modern technological improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes that provide a better understanding of podiatric concepts for biomechanics. Computers can provide accurate information about the forces and patterns of the feet and lower legs.

Understanding biomechanics of the feet can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Mt Airy, Clemmons, Winston-Salem, King, Greensboro, and Siler City, NC . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about The Importance of Biomechanics in Podiatry
Tuesday, 10 May 2022 00:00

There are many diabetic patients who understand that keeping their glucose levels in a normal range is essential in preventing painful foot conditions. The inability to feel sensations in the feet is referred to as neuropathy, and it is important to check for cuts, bruises and scrapes every day. This can be done by using a mirror, or by having a family member inspect the feet. Additionally, the feet will feel better when they are kept clean and dry, and it may help to use talcum powder between the toes. The painful condition that is known as cracked heels may be avoided when a good moisturizer is used. Many diabetic patients see a podiatrist to have their nails trimmed correctly, and this may help to prevent ingrown toenails. It is advised against walking barefoot, and wearing shoes that fit properly will make the feet and overall body feel more comfortable. If you are diabetic, it is strongly suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can help you with managing your diabetic foot care.. 

Diabetic foot care is important in preventing foot ailments such as ulcers. If you are suffering from diabetes or have any other concerns about your feet, contact one of our podiatrists from InStride Foot & Ankle Specialists. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Diabetic Foot Care

Diabetes affects millions of people every year. The condition can damage blood vessels in many parts of the body, especially the feet. Because of this, taking care of your feet is essential if you have diabetes, and having a podiatrist help monitor your foot health is highly recommended.

The Importance of Caring for Your Feet

  • Routinely inspect your feet for bruises or sores.
  • Wear socks that fit your feet comfortably.
  • Wear comfortable shoes that provide adequate support.

Patients with diabetes should have their doctor monitor their blood levels, as blood sugar levels play such a huge role in diabetic care. Monitoring these levels on a regular basis is highly advised.

It is always best to inform your healthcare professional of any concerns you may have regarding your feet, especially for diabetic patients. Early treatment and routine foot examinations are keys to maintaining proper health, especially because severe complications can arise if proper treatment is not applied.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Mt Airy, Clemmons, Winston-Salem, King, Greensboro, and Siler City, NC . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Diabetic Foot Conditions
Tuesday, 03 May 2022 00:00

A bunion is easy to identify. It is defined as a bony protrusion on the side of the big toe and the skin may appear to be red. A bunion can develop as a result of genetic factors, or from wearing shoes that do not fit correctly. Some patients find it helpful to wear a cushion on top of the bunion as this may help to relieve some of the discomfort. Many times, larger shoes need to be purchased that can accommodate the bunion and surgery may be considered for permanent removal. There are several types of bunion surgeries that can be performed. A bunionectomy is performed to remove the bony growth, in addition to realigning the muscles, ligaments, and tendons. Having an osteotomy performed involves cutting the toe bone which may help to straighten the joints. When bones are fused, it is known as an arthrodesis. Additionally, an arthroplasty is done by removing the damaged joint, which is necessary in allowing scar tissue to form. If you have developed a bunion, it is strongly advised that you seek the care of a podiatrist who can provide the correct treatment method for you.

If you are suffering from bunions, contact one of our podiatrists of InStride Foot & Ankle Specialists. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why Do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How Are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How Are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Mt Airy, Clemmons, Winston-Salem, King, Greensboro, and Siler City, NC . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Bunions
Tuesday, 26 April 2022 00:00

If you experience unusually cold feet, you may have a condition known as Raynaud’s phenomenon. This condition may simply be caused by over-sensitive blood vessels that constrict abnormally in colder temperatures. It occurs because the small blood vessels spasm and keep the blood from circulating properly. Symptoms may be triggered by a drop in the temperature, as well as anxiety or stress. In many cases no actual cause for Raynaud’s can be found, aside from a disruption in how the nervous system controls the blood vessels. In other cases, it can be linked to underlying causes. Among them are autoimmune conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus; infections, such as hepatitis; cancer; and certain migraine, blood pressure and heart medications. Injury and overuse has been linked to Raynaud’s phenomenon, as has smoking. Please see a podiatrist for an examination to determine the cause of excessive cold feet. 

While poor circulation itself isn’t a condition; it is a symptom of another underlying health condition you may have. If you have any concerns with poor circulation in your feet contact one of our podiatrists of InStride Foot & Ankle Specialists. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Poor Circulation in the Feet

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) can potentially lead to poor circulation in the lower extremities. PAD is a condition that causes the blood vessels and arteries to narrow. In a linked condition called atherosclerosis, the arteries stiffen up due to a buildup of plaque in the arteries and blood vessels. These two conditions can cause a decrease in the amount of blood that flows to your extremities, therefore resulting in pain.

Symptoms

Some of the most common symptoms of poor circulation are:

  • Numbness
  • Tingling
  • Throbbing or stinging pain in limbs
  • Pain
  • Muscle Cramps

Treatment for poor circulation often depends on the underlying condition that causes it. Methods for treatment may include insulin for diabetes, special exercise programs, surgery for varicose veins, or compression socks for swollen legs.

As always, see a podiatrist as he or she will assist in finding a regimen that suits you. A podiatrist can also prescribe you any needed medication. 

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Mt Airy, Clemmons, Winston-Salem, King, Greensboro, and Siler City, NC . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment of Poor Blood Circulation in the Feet
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