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January 2021

Saturday, 30 January 2021 00:00

Reminder: When Was the Last Time...?

Custom orthotics, or shoe inserts, should be periodically replaced. Orthotics must fit properly to give you the best results. Protect your feet and ankles!

Monday, 25 January 2021 00:00

Swelling of the Feet During Pregnancy

Swollen feet are a common result of pregnancy. While the fetus puts extra weight on the feet and legs, circulation also slows and fluid can build up. This ultimately leads to the feet swelling. Pregnant women whose feet have swollen should avoid standing for long periods of time, slightly elevate the feet, limit salt intake, keep hydrated, wear comfortable shoes and socks, and massage the feet regularly. While foot swelling is normal during pregnancy, a sudden or rapid increase in swelling should be checked by a podiatrist. It is also important to seek medical attention if one foot is more swollen than the other, there is pain or heat in the calf, or the skin is red or discolored.

Pregnant women with swollen feet can be treated with a variety of different methods that are readily available. For more information about other cures for swollen feet during pregnancy, consult with one of our podiatrists from InStride Foot & Ankle Specialists. Our doctors will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.

What Foot Problems Can Arise During Pregnancy?

One problem that can occur is overpronation, which occurs when the arch of the foot flattens and tends to roll inward.  This can cause pain and discomfort in your heels while you’re walking or even just standing up, trying to support your baby.  

Another problem is edema, or swelling in the extremities. This often affects the feet during pregnancy but tends to occur in the later stages. 

How Can I Keep My Feet Healthy During Pregnancy?

  • Wearing orthotics can provide extra support for the feet and help distribute weight evenly
  • Minimize the amount of time spent walking barefoot
  • Wear shoes with good arch support
  • Wear shoes that allow for good circulation to the feet
  • Elevate feet if you experience swelling
  • Massage your feet
  • Get regular, light exercise, such as walking, to promote blood circulation to the feet

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Mt Airy, Clemmons, Winston-Salem, King, Greensboro, and Siler City, NC . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Foot Care for Pregnant Women
Monday, 18 January 2021 00:00

What is Overpronation of the Feet?

Overpronation occurs when the arch of the foot collapses while bearing weight when a person is walking or standing. This issue is very common in patients who have flexible flat feet. As the arch begins to collapse, this overpronation stresses the feet and can lead to multiple issues. These issues can include plantar fasciitis, heel spurs, metatarsalgia, tendonitis, and bunions. Overpronation can be caused by a variety of factors, including obesity and pregnancy. Patients with overpronation may not feel discomfort early on or at all. Orthotics are often used to support the arch of the foot and treat this condition. Properly fitting footwear that has a firm heel should also be worn. If you are struggling with the overpronation of your foot, make sure to consult with a podiatrist.

If you have any concerns about your feet, contact one of our podiatrists from InStride Foot & Ankle Specialists. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Biomechanics in Podiatry

Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body, causing an interference with the biological structures. It focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.

A History of Biomechanics

  • Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
  • In 1974, biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination in the area.

Modern technological improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes that provide a better understanding of podiatric concepts for biomechanics. Computers can provide accurate information about the forces and patterns of the feet and lower legs.

Understanding biomechanics of the feet can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Mt Airy, Clemmons, Winston-Salem, King, Greensboro, and Siler City, NC . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Biomechanics in Podiatry
Monday, 11 January 2021 00:00

Common Sources of Heel Pain

Heel pain, which can cause severe discomfort, usually comes from one of two sources. The first type of heel pain is usually a result of overuse. This soreness results from too much impact on the foot, which can be caused by wearing shoes with too low of a heel, wearing down of the fat pad on the heel, or from a sudden increase in activity. The other source of heel pain is usually plantar fasciitis. This is typically caused by a biomechanical issue like flat feet, and occurs when the plantar fascia, the tissue connecting the heel to the toes, becomes inflamed. The first step to dealing with heel pain is providing a cushioning for the heel, such as an orthotic, to help absorb the shock from your movements. Persistent heel pain should be checked by a podiatrist, who may recommend other treatment options, such as anti-inflammatory medications or cortisone shots.

Many people suffer from bouts of heel pain. For more information, contact one of our podiatrists of InStride Foot & Ankle Specialists. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Causes of Heel Pain

Heel pain is often associated with plantar fasciitis. The plantar fascia is a band of tissues that extends along the bottom of the foot. A rip or tear in this ligament can cause inflammation of the tissue.

Achilles tendonitis is another cause of heel pain. Inflammation of the Achilles tendon will cause pain from fractures and muscle tearing. Lack of flexibility is also another symptom.

Heel spurs are another cause of pain. When the tissues of the plantar fascia undergo a great deal of stress, it can lead to ligament separation from the heel bone, causing heel spurs.

Why Might Heel Pain Occur?

  • Wearing ill-fitting shoes                  
  • Wearing non-supportive shoes
  • Weight change           
  • Excessive running

Treatments

Heel pain should be treated as soon as possible for immediate results. Keeping your feet in a stress-free environment will help. If you suffer from Achilles tendonitis or plantar fasciitis, applying ice will reduce the swelling. Stretching before an exercise like running will help the muscles. Using all these tips will help make heel pain a condition of the past.

If you have any questions please contact one of our offices located in Mt Airy, Clemmons, Winston-Salem, King, Greensboro, and Siler City, NC . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Heel Pain
Monday, 04 January 2021 00:00

How Uric Acid Causes Gout

Gout is a very painful type of arthritis that causes the joints to become stiff, hot, and tender. Gout is caused by a buildup of uric acid, most commonly in the big toe. Uric acids are produced when consuming high-purine foods such as red meat and alcohol. Too much uric acid can build up into needle-like crystals that inflame the joints. One key to manage this, is staying properly hydrated. It is also important to reduce or eliminate the consumption of alcohol and meat in order to manage gout. Maintaining a proper healthy weight also helps manage the uric acid buildup. Those who frequently experience gout attacks should consult with a podiatrist who can help provide tips for managing the effects of gout.

Gout is a foot condition that requires certain treatment and care. If you are seeking treatment, contact one of our podiatrists from InStride Foot & Ankle Specialists. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Is Gout?

Gout is a type of arthritis caused by a buildup of uric acid in the bloodstream. It often develops in the foot, especially the big toe area, although it can manifest in other parts of the body as well. Gout can make walking and standing very painful and is especially common in diabetics and the obese.

People typically get gout because of a poor diet. Genetic predisposition is also a factor. The children of parents who have had gout frequently have a chance of developing it themselves.

Gout can easily be identified by redness and inflammation of the big toe and the surrounding areas of the foot. Other symptoms include extreme fatigue, joint pain, and running high fevers. Sometimes corticosteroid drugs can be prescribed to treat gout, but the best way to combat this disease is to get more exercise and eat a better diet.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Mt Airy, Clemmons, Winston-Salem, King, Greensboro, and Siler City, NC . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Gout
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